Summary of midterm exam - carelessness

2018-11-23
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Time flies, half a semester has passed, students in NAIS have finished their midterm exam. As a phased test, the midterm exam cannot only check the academic progress of the first half of the semester, but also lay a foundation for future study plans. Of course, the main reason for not doing well is not learning well, but after the exam, teachers always hear a saying: “I am too careless in this exam, in fact, I can do most questions and many points should not have been lost”. Is it really just carelessness? Actually not, then what are the underlying reasons?


Carelessness is associated with psychological stress


Psychological studies have shown that moderate motivation and emotion provide the best background for cognitive activity. Too high or too low can negatively affect cognitive activity. Lack of motivation, feeling low, often leads to unfocused attention and a lack of mind. A lot of children's four arithmetic is easy to make mistake, when you point him out, he says, "what a great deal, I would have done." The reason is that they are too simple to motivate. In this case, we should know, most problems in life are not be very difficult, the difference between you and other people is that if you can do simple things well.


Conversely, too much motivation can lead to intense, emotional overstimulation, which in turn leads to narrowness, confusion, and even a blank mind. Some students are usually careful to study hard and are good students in the eyes of their parents and teachers. However, they can't do well on the exam. The reason is that they care too much about the exam and want to do remarkably well. For such children, parents and teachers should not impose their high expectations. Just let the children understand that the exam is also a part of the study. Learn how to easily deal with the exam and how to play well in the exam.


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According to Yerkes–Dodson’s law, there is an inverted U-shaped curve between motivational intensity and work efficiency. In the face of difficult tasks, medium-intensity motivation is most beneficial to the completion of the task, that is, when the motivation is medium, the work efficiency is the highest. Once the motivation intensity exceeds this level, it will have acertain hindrance to work efficiency. Therefore, students need to adjust the level of motivation, i.e. the psychological stress. In adequate motivation and overstimulation motivation both will not bring good results.


Carelessness is due to the lack of proficiency in knowledge


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Imagine a scene where a diver wants to participate in a game after half a year. He understands the basic movements and has practiced several times. There are one or two standards in training, and there are several mistakes, but he thinks he can do it in the competition. The diving event comes soon. He is very nervous on the platform and the result is of course a fault. When he left the stadium, he said, "Oh, I failed, mainly because I was too nervous." What do you think of this story? I guess you will shout: “he has practiced too little! Of course mistakes!” Homework or exams are the same. The main reasons for the mistakes are too little practice, unclear basic concepts, or not enough proficiency, resulting in low accuracy.


Carelessness is due to vague concepts


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Sometimes, seemingly simple carelessness is aconceptual error. For example, a child's homework is written in this way, ‘0 add 6=0’ ‘0 minus 6=0’'0 multiplied by 6 = 0', '0 divided by 6= 0’. When you point out his error, his explanation is that 0 is nothing, so the result of any number add or minus or multiplied by or divided by zero is zero. The reason for the error is that the student does not profoundly comprehend the meaning of multiplication and division. Another example, when it is required to calculate the circumference of a semicircle, student may only calculate the length of the arcand lose the length of the string. It's not that he was negligent, but is he didn't understand the concept of the perimeter, and he didn't know that the circumference should be a closed curve. Therefore, students need to correctly understand the causes of errors, and do not let careless appearance covers up the truth of the problem, thus missing the opportunity of in-depth learning.


Carelessness is related to personality and lifestyle

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Careless children don't pay attention when doing homework or even exams, and they don't check after finishing because they are used to getting help from the outside world. Many children have already formed carelessness in their studies at ordinary times. This is mainly because they do the homework with the checking of teachers or parents, or even with no check, as a result, a good habit of timely inspection and correction is not formed.


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The reliance on electronic products also makes it impossible for some students to concentrate on completing an assignment or exam. Imagine that when a student is playing with electronic products, and a teacher is just walking to his side. At that time, the child will certainly make a learning appearance for the conditioned reflex, but because he does not deliberately study, he will be absent-minded, and hence the assignments he submits will be full of mistakes. Moreover, parents should avoid making TV sounds too loud, and avoid playing mahjong or cards when their children are studying. Because the attention of children are susceptible to interference, these behaviors can only let the munable to concentrate on learning, which can easily lead to bad habits. Therefore, careless students need to arrange their study time and leisure time reasonably, be happy when you play, and be concentrated when you study.


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Students in a class are always very different. Some are bold, some are cautious; some are on a whim, some are methodical; some are sad, some are mild and calm. The former is likely more prone to carelessness than the latter. Because non-intellectual factors have impact on cognitive activities. For instance, a child's room is always a messy, and his workbooks are often scrawled and undisciplined. When he takes the test, he is likely to lose points because of carelessness.


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Therefore, such careless children need to start from life and cultivate good living habits and personality. Try to organize wardrobes, drawers and rooms to make life organized. Work out a reasonable schedule and move towards the established goal in a planned way. In addition, a harmonious and democratic family atmosphere can cultivate children's happy and peaceful mood, careful and steady character. This requires parents and teachers to have enough patience. In this way, children's behavior and habits can be gradually changed. Accordingly, children's carelessness will gradually decrease with the accumulation of time.


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